There are several eye diseases that often lead to blindness, and your likelihood of losing your vision significantly increases as you age. An estimated 6.3 million Americans over the age of 65 have severe vision loss, and up to 16.2 million Americans between the ages of 18 and 64 have some form of vision impairment. The most common culprits behind mild to severe vision loss are: cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.
Dr. Basil Pakeman offers vision correction surgery including PRK and LASIK, and many other treatment options to care for your worsening vision and ocular health. If you're experiencing vision changes, please call Manhattan Surgical Care today at 212-308-1566 to schedule your eye exam. Our office serves clients in Manhattan, NYC and all of New York.
Age-related cataracts are the leading cause of blindness across the world. Cataracts are formed when the naturally-clear liquid within the lens of your eyes becomes clouded and thick. This can cause your vision to decrease over time. Dr. Pakeman can restore your vision through cataract surgery —a procedure that involves removing your natural eye lens and replacing it with an artificial IOL (intraocular lens).
Common symptoms of cataracts are:
- Blurred or foggy vision
- Trouble seeing at night
- Light sensitivity
- Light halos
- Double vision
Glaucoma can be caused by aging or genetics and is produced by an unregulated build up of pressure and subsequent blockage within your eye. This pressure eventually leads to vision loss. The most common treatment for glaucoma is prescription eye drops, but Dr. Pakeman also offers glaucoma surgery to relieve your growing eye pressure and prevent further damage to your vision.
Glaucoma symptoms may include:
- Blurry vision
- Distorted vision
- Pain in your eye
- Varied blind spots in your peripheral vision
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
The center of your eye, the macula, can deteriorate as you age causing blurring and vision loss. There are two forms of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration may be caused by damaged macular tissue that has thinned over time and can lead to steady loss of your vision. Wet macular degeneration is much more severe than its counterpart because it creates new blood vessels under your retina that leak fluid and blood into your eye causing irreversible vision impairment. Macular degeneration can be treated with medications and sometimes laser surgery.
Symptoms can include:
- Lines begin to look jagged or distorted
- Small areas in the center of your vision appear dark, white or blurred
Diabetes can have a detrimental impact on your overall health including the health of your eyes. The longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to gradually lose your vision. Over time, blood vessels located in the back of your retina become damaged and lead to diabetic retinopathy. Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you still have an increased risk of vision loss as you get older. Diabetic retinopathy can be treated with proper blood sugar control, medications and surgery.
Symptoms can include:
- The appearance of floating objects in your vision
- Frequent changes in vision
- Blurring vision
- Changing color perception
- Partial or complete loss of vision
There are many eye diseases and conditions which can impair your vision over time, and it's important to see Dr. Pakeman for regular eye exams to recognize the signs and symptoms early. Our board-certified ophthalmologist offers an array of treatments and surgical options for many forms of vision impairment.
If you’re experiencing vision loss or have been diagnosed with an eye disease, please call Manhattan Surgical Care today at 212-308-1566 to schedule your eye exam. Dr. Pakeman serves patients in Manhattan, NYC and throughout all of New York.